Product Promotion Network

BOOK REVIEW: ‘Hue 1968: A Turning Point of the American War in Vietnam’

ANALYSIS/OPINION: HUE 1968: A TURNING POINT OF THE AMERICAN WAR IN VIETNAM By Mark Bowden

Atlantic Monthly Press, £30, 608 pages A few years ago, I was lecturing my students on strategic surprise. I asked each of them to write paragraph on how surprise was used at Hue in 1968 based on what they knew of it.

With few exceptions, the reply was that Hue was the battle where the Viet Cong won the war in a general uprising. These were graduate students, and their woeful knowledge of the Vietnam War was gained through the state of education in our high schools and undergraduate college programs. Their ignorance is more a comment on the “liberal” in liberal arts than in any defect in my students.

Today, we are chronologically as far removed from Vietnam as my generation was from World War I in 1968; and its lessons are in danger of being lost. Mark Bowden tries to remedy this with his excellent new book, “Hue 1968.” Mr.

Bowden points out that the Tet Offensive campaign, of which Hue was the major battle, was a strategic surprise that ranks along with Pearl Harbor and Sept.

11 as a colossal American intelligence failure. However, it was not planned and fought by peasant Viet Cong (VC) guerrillas. It was planned by the North Vietnamese general staff and political leaders in Hanoi and fought largely by regular regiments of the North Vietnamese Army (NVA); the VC were relegated to being scouts, guides, suicide sappers, and cannon fodder.

The NVA and Viet Cong lost every tactical engagement and failed to achieve their primary objective, a popular uprising that would topple the South Vietnamese government and force the Americans out of the war. However, Tet was the turning point of the war because America’s leaders were discredited by the surprise and lost the confidence of a significant portion of the American public. Tet ruined Lyndon Johnson’s presidency.

There was no “light at the end of the tunnel.” Although the last U.S. bombs would not fall until 1973, the North Vietnamese had irretrievably gained the psychological advantage. Mr. Bowden covers the overall planning for Tet to set context, but concentrates on the battle for Hue City in hour by hour detail as it represents the degree to which America leaders from the White House down to the tactical levels saw their assumptions and narratives shattered.

Until Tet, the NVA and VC had generally waged guerrilla tactics and operated in battalion strength only rarely. The Americans knew a big attack was coming, but they thought it would be at Khe Sanh in a remote area where the Americans hoped to lure the NVA into a climatic big battle, which would be the reverse of Dien Bien Phu where the NVA had crushed the French in 1954. The reality was that the planners in Hanoi used Khe Sanh as a “matador’s cape” to mask their preparations for a nationwide offensive.

When U.S. general officers near Hue learned that the enemy had seized much of the city, they thought it was a few hundred commandos and ordered a Marine battalion to clean them out. The Communists had infiltrated whole regiments from the north and the Marines were initially attacking into a dug-in force that outnumbered them by at least 10-1. What followed was an epic urban battle in which the Marine Corps (supported by what Army troops could be scraped up) eventually prevailed by dint of superior supporting arms and pure grit on the part of companies, platoons and squads.

Mr. Bowden was a reporter before he became an author, and he uses a reporter’s concise style to tell both sides of the story from the president of the United States to a teenage VC scout/guide. Just about everyone in the battle went in with false assumptions, and came out with an altered sense of the horror of urban combat.

Many of the Marine characters such as Ernie Cheatham and Ron Christmas became legends of the corps and as senior officers urged all the services to get better at urban combat.

Their efforts paid off in places like Ramadi and Fallujah from 2003-04. Unfortunately, we have been less adept at teaching our friends and allies the lessons of urban warfare. The battle for Mosul in Iraq looks depressingly like Hue, albeit on a much larger scale.

Mr.

Bowden has done a superb job of telling the story as he did with “Blackhawk Down.” One can sometimes get lost in the plethora of Vietnamese names, but as in war the individuals are less important than lessons imparted; and in Hue, there were lessons aplenty.

o Gary Anderson is a retired Marine Corps colonel who lectures at the George Washington University’s Elliott School of International Affairs.

Viagra Connect (Sildenafil)Please understand that ED can be an early indicator of cardiovascular disease or diabetes and that, if not done so already, it is strongly advised that you consult your GP within 6 months for a clinical review of potential underlying conditions and risk factors associated with ED. All Viagra Connect Orders will be sent Recorded and require a signature upon receipt  Erectile dysfunction (ED), is the inability to achieve or obtain or sustain an erection long or hard enough for sexual intercourse. Viagra Connect contains the active ingredient sildenafil. It works for men with ED by helping to relax the blood vessels in the penis, allowing blood to flow into the penis when sexually stimulated. >> PATIENT INFORMATION LEAFLET More Info:

Pikmi Pop Surprise Pack (Series 2)Please note you will receive one random Pikmi Pop SupriseIt&39;s not a lollipop it&39;s a Pikmi Pops! Unwrap a Pikmi Pops to find cute surprises inside!Each Pikmi Pops Surprise Pack comes with 2 scented mini plushies 3 surprise items (charm lanyard and sticker sheet) 2 surprise messages 3 dangler strings 1 collector&39;s guide and 1 lollipop stand Display your Pikmi plushies insides the lollipop or use the dangler string to hang your favourite Pikmi plush or charm on your favourite bag keys phone spiral note book pencil case and more! There are over 45 super cute mini Pikmi plushies to collect in 12 yummy scents Look out for the Fluffy Ultra Rare or Shiny Limited Edition Pikmi&39;s (not scented)!Suitable for ages 5 and up Contents2 x Scented Plush3 x Surprise Pikmi Prizes1 x Medium Lollipop Vessel1 x Lollipop Stand3 x Dangler Strings2 x Surprise Messages1 x Collector&39;s Guide More Info: - EAN: 8056379056355

Shopkins Happy Places Rainbow Beach Welcome Packs - Lounging AroundThere&39;s happiness at the end of every rainbow! Pack your bags and discover a place full of bright colourful faces! Rainbow beach is a magical bay where the lil&39; shoppies love to stay over summer!Help create and decorate the coolest beach house with their super cute petkins and accessories And say hello to the lil&39; pets your colourful best friends who live at the end of the rainbow! Happiness is relaxing in the lounge with a good book and a cool drink! Pineapple Lily can always find a happy place to unwind with her laid back Petkins! It&39;s a little piece of paradise that she loves to share with her friends!The rainbow beach lounging around welcome pack comes with an exclusive lil&39; shoppie Pineapple Lily a surprise lil&39; pet and 12 petkins for you to fill your happy places beach house playset! Also included is a collector&39;s guide showing you the full collection More Info: - EAN: 8056379059844

Samsung Flip WM55H Digital signage display 139.7 cm 55  3840 x 2160 pix Built-in speaker, Multi-TouchFlip NotationDraw, Write, inspireEnjoy the pleasant feeling, true to the tradition to write. But in the digital format: with a variety of colors, styles and widths. Up to 4 people can simultaneously with virtually any object writing.Flip CaptureFor a good cooperationThe high connectivity of Samsung Flip, you and your team notes in a large number of files share and create, in optimum visual quality.Flip NavigationNavigate intuitivelyThe intuitive, user-friendly menu from Samsung Flip simplifies navigation and reduces the amount of time you need, in order to access the control elements or content in their entirety. Moderators can also individual content pages in the preview show and make changes directly on the screen.Navigation with flipScrolling, simplyYou and your team colleagues do not have to go through endless stack of paper to the discussion point. Now you can seamlessly in up to 20 clearly structured digital flip pages browse and search.Flip Protection Protect Your IdeasTranscripts and tedious manual protocols were yesterday: at the end of each meetings saves the Samsung Flip all content in the device, where you can also be secured by a PIN. Thus, only authorized users to the meeting files. Meeting participants, content can be simply via a USB-Stick download via E-Mail and share or print it out.SecureSimply unlockSimilar to your smartphone or tablet extends the flip display through a dedicated pass code access for selected users. In order to access content, simply enter the code and start with the review or cooperation.Flip-ConnectionEnjoy versatile connectivityThe connectivity of Samsung Flip enables a fully synchronized, user-friendly cooperation. Align your personal devices on the central screen to interactive content to make, Record and share.Flip-ConnectionEnjoy versatile connectivityThe connectivity of Samsung Flip enables a fully synchronized, user-friendly cooperation. Align your personal devices on the central screen to interactive content to make, Record and share.Flip-ConnectionEnjoy versatile connectivityThe connectivity of Samsung Flip enables a fully synchronized, user-friendly cooperation. Align your personal devices on the central screen to interactive content to make, Record and share.Flip-ConnectionEnjoy versatile connectivityThe connectivity of Samsung Flip enables a fully synchronized, user-friendly cooperation. Align your personal devices on the central screen to interactive content to make, Record and share.Flip SynchronizationSynchronize, control, displayThe Touch-Out-control functionality enables users, personal devices with the flip to synchronize them in real-time to view and control. Changes made on the central screen are automatically to the personal device of the user and vice versa, in order to secure an efficient, coordinated display.Flip PresentationShow your workYou can adjust various space conditions without having to compromise on comfort. With a versatile pivot mode and an ergonomic stand, each flip-display can be configured in such a way that it is in the high or landscape format can be aligned to your work requirements.Flip DistributionEffortless parts of content after the meetingEach meeting participants know how frustrating it is, hand-written summaries to collect and send them. Samsung Flip relieves you in this annoying process. Save notes from meetings and important content in the central storage of the display and share them with your colleagues via mobile and digital channels.Flip touchNavigate via touch-sensitive communicationInGlass™ technology provides real-time fe More Info: - EAN: 8801643047481

Horrible Histories Tudor ExecutionerBring World Book Day to life with this Tudor Executioner Horrible Histories costume. The set includes a jacket with Velcro fastening, puffed shorts and a mask. More Info:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *